•  
    Volume 6 || Issue 9 || Version-1 September- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     68047
    Paper Title :: Linear and Nonlinear Two-Parameter Adsorption Isotherm
    Modeling: A Case-Study
    Author Name :: HamidRezaGhaffari || HasanPasalari || AbdolhamidTajvar || KavoosDindarloo || Ba bakGoudarzi || ValiAlipour || AminGhanbarneajd
    Page Number :: 01-11
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609010111   

    Linear and nonlinear forms of two-parameter isotherm models are generally implemented to describe characterize an adsorption process. Throughout the previous studies associated with adsorption process, less attention has been paid to comparison of these two methods. The current study was developed to investigate mathematical and statistical properties of these two methods and compare different statistical criteria to specify the best linear and nonlinear curves, fitted to experimental data and estimate isotherm parameters. Toward these aims, the data obtained from an empirical study on nitrate adsorption onto oyster shell coated with nanoparticle zero-valent iron (OS-nZVI) were applied.................

    Keywords - Adsorption, Linear Regression, Nonlinear Regression, Error Analysis

    @article{key:article,
    author = {HamidRezaGhaffari || HasanPasalari || AbdolhamidTajvar || KavoosDindarloo || Ba bakGoudarzi || ValiAlipour || AminGhanbarneajd},
    title = {Linear and Nonlinear Two-Parameter Adsorption Isotherm Modeling: A Case-Study},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {01-11},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68061
    Paper Title :: Evaluation of Quality of Service Parameter in Ad Hoc Routing Networks based on a Queuing Network
    Author Name :: Tanu Jain || Rupesh Dubey
    Page Number :: 12-21
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609011221   

    In real-time transmission of multimedia information Ad Hoc faces challenges for the low bandwidth for transmission from source to destination and requires a considerable effort. So we proposed a queuing network model which is based on routing of Ad Hoc networks and analyze the delivery of multimedia packets which has low end-to-end delay and less bandwidth overhead between mobile nodes and which ensures high throughput. We also analyzed the queuing delay in regard of node behaviour of routing and MAC protocols. Here we simulate the parameters of Quality of Service i.e. end-to-end delay and expected hop count using Matlab..........

    Keywords - Wireless Ad Hoc networks; Routing of Ad Hoc networks; Networks based on Queuing

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Tanu Jain || Rupesh Dubey},
    title = {Evaluation of Quality of Service Parameter in Ad Hoc Routing Networks based on a Queuing Network},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {12-21},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68090
    Paper Title :: The Variation of Pitch Height of Tones in Mandarin Utterance
    Author Name :: Qi Gong
    Page Number :: 22-29
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609012229   

    In this study, the lowering pattern in Mandarin tone production is analyzed, and it is found that downstep exists for high (H) tones. They always drop to a lower scale compared to the forgoing ones. The degree of the first downstep is always larger than the following ones, but there are no differences in the degrees of downsteps for the later HL sequences. The speaker does not only raise the initial H tone when there are more downsteps, but also depress the final H tone. As for the L tones, due to the effect of final lowering, the lowering degree of the last downstep is always larger than the preceding ones. The utterance final L tones are not affected by the number of downsteps.

    Keywords - Tone, pitch, downstep

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Qi Gong},
    title = {The Variation of Pitch Height of Tones in Mandarin Utterance},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {22-29},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69001
    Paper Title :: Home Energy Scheduling System: Load Planning with Production Constraints
    Author Name :: Minh-Hoang Le || Mireille Jacomino
    Page Number :: 30-44
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609013044   

    This paper addresses the home energy management issue. Energy consumption in buildings is one of the more challenging problems in the current energy context. Energy savings are possible by improving energy efficiency of devices and adapting end-users' demands. However, for given end-user requirements with given appliances, the schedule of the activities greatly impacts management of energy production means. In this paper the addressed home energy management issue consists in matching, as accurately as possible, the end-user demand with power grid capacity...........

    Keywords - Dwelling; Home Energy Management System; Optimization; Scheduling; Mixed Integer Linear Programming.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Minh-Hoang Le || Mireille Jacomino},
    title = {Home Energy Scheduling System: Load Planning with Production Constraints},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {30-44},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     67020
    Paper Title :: Seasonal Variations and Assessment of Oxygen Demanding Parameters (DO, BOD, COD) in Solmari River, Bangladesh
    Author Name :: Md. Nazim Uddin || A.H.M. Nasimul Jamil || Md. Shamim Reza
    Page Number :: 45-48
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609014548   

    This study examined the Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) & Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in summer, rainy& winter season to assess the water quality and sessional variations of Solmari River, Bangladesh. The highest DO value was observed in rainy season than winter or summer season. But the BOD and COD was high during winter and rainy season. This high level of BOD and COD value in summer season indicates the presence of a large number of microorganism's i.e. high level of pollution. The parameter COD is more preferable to BOD because it is a quickly measurable parameter.

    Keywords - Seasonal variation, Water assessment, Solmari River, DO, BOD and COD.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Md. Nazim Uddin || A.H.M. Nasimul Jamil || Md. Shamim Reza},
    title = {Seasonal Variations and Assessment of Oxygen Demanding Parameters (DO, BOD, COD) in Solmari River, Bangladesh},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {45-48},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68031
    Paper Title :: The Climate Survey of Razan-Qahavand Plain Through de-Martonne Aridity Index
    Author Name :: Mahdis Dabaghi || K. G. Asha Manjari
    Page Number :: 49-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609014960   

    With the warmer atmosphere, more water evaporates from the oceans and land. Climate change is one of the most important global environmental challenges facing humanity with implications for food production, the supply of drinking water and health. Since the impact of this phenomenon is more severe in the developing countries including Iran, so the cognition of the drought is needful for describing the features of geographical prospect in main cities of these countries, the main objective of this paper is to survey the climate of Razan-Qahavand plain in Hamedan province through the de-Martonne aridity index...........

    Keywords - Climate changes; de-Martonne, Razan-Qahavand plain, synoptic stations, desertification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mahdis Dabaghi || K. G. Asha Manjari},
    title = {The Climate Survey of Razan-Qahavand Plain Through de-Martonne Aridity Index},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {49-60},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68046
    Paper Title :: Characterization of Petroleum Sludge from Refinery Industry Biological Wastewater Treatment Unit
    Author Name :: Abubakar M. Ali || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Bala I. Abdulkarim || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim
    Page Number :: 61-65
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609016165   

    Thermal plasma technique is becoming prominent in the treatment of variety of waste ranging from municipal solid waste, incinerator residue, hospital waste, electronics waste and industrial sludge. Application of the new treatment technology to petroleum sludge requires information on the nature and characteristics of the sludge that will be use to optimize the treatment system. In this investigation, petroleum sludge obtained from Petronas Melaka was characterized for its physical and chemical features. Proximate and ultimate analysis as well as determination of elemental composition were carried out. The sludge was found to contain high moisture (78.91%), low ash (5.06%), low volatiles (5.52%) and high fixed carbon (10.51%). The sludge has a TOC of 54.48% and HHV of 23.599MJ/kg...........

    Keywords - Petroleum sludge, characterization, total organic carbon, metal concentration

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abubakar M. Ali || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Bala I. Abdulkarim || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim},
    title = {Characterization of Petroleum Sludge from Refinery Industry Biological Wastewater Treatment Unit},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {61-65},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68049
    Paper Title :: The Concept Of Science And Technology In Martin Heidegger's Philosophy: Its Implication For The Society
    Author Name :: Peter Alawa
    Page Number :: 66-71
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609016671   

    Martin Heidegger stands out as one of the greatest philosophers in the contemporary period. His philosophy centers on Being. His contribution to philosophy is to recover the real meaning of Being that other philosophers had forgotten. For him, Being manifests itself anew at different times. He approaches this problem of Being in three stages, the first stage is Dasein analysis, the second is art and truth as a path to Being; the final stage is Being as a process that is expressed as ereignis (eyes of the mind) and Gelassenheit (surrender). Science and technology falls with the second stage of Heidegger's view on Being. Heidegger is not against science and technology but the abuse...........

    Keywords - Dasein (Being there), Alethiea (Truth), Zein (Being), Science and Technology.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Peter Alawa},
    title = {The Concept Of Science And Technology In Martin Heidegger's Philosophy: Its Implication For The Society},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {66-71},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68058
    Paper Title :: The Inflation-Hedging Characteristics of Vietnamese Securitized Real Estates
    Author Name :: Le Long Hau
    Page Number :: 72-77
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609017277   

    This study investigates the inflation-hedging characteristics of real estate stocks in Vietnam. Empirical findings show that securitized real estates can provide a partial hedge against both ex post and ex ante inflation, but no statistical relation between securitized real estates returns and surprises in inflation is found. Noticeably, the Fisher hypothesis on the one-to-one relationship between real estate stock returns and expected inflation is strongly rejected. This study has implication for investors by adding to the understandings of the inflation-hedging characteristics of Vietnamese securitized real estates.

    Keywords - Property stock index, securitized property, inflation, hedging, Vietnam

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Le Long Hau},
    title = {The Inflation-Hedging Characteristics of Vietnamese Securitized Real Estates},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {72-77},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68059
    Paper Title :: Peculiarities of Allergy to Tree Pollen and Approaches to Diagnosis and Allergen Immunotherapy in Patients – Residents of Lviv Region
    Author Name :: PhD Svitlana Zubchenko || MD Valentyna Chopyak || MD Olena Gubska || Sergey Yuryev || Fernando Pineda
    Page Number :: 78-83
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609017883   

    The study involved 286 patients (17-58 years, 55.9% females and 44.1% males). SPT was performed with extracts "Mixture of trees" (Diater Laboratorios, Spain). The study of allergen components was made by ImmunoCAP. We evaluated the efficiency of SLIT by visual analogue scale. 98.3% patients had positive SPT to extract "Mixture of trees". N=281:191 (68.1%) individuals were positive to birch extract, 8 (2.8%) – to ash tree, 82 (29.1%) – to birch+ash tree. Ash sensitization according to SPT – 31.9%. ImmunoCAP: among patients with positive SPT to birch, true sensitization – in 147 (77%) individuals, among patients with polysensitization – 63 (76.9%)..........

    Keywords - Betulacea allergens, Oleaceae allergens, sensitization, efficiency of allergen immunotherapy.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {PhD Svitlana Zubchenko || MD Valentyna Chopyak || MD Olena Gubska || Sergey Yuryev || Fernando Pineda},
    title = {Peculiarities of Allergy to Tree Pollen and Approaches to Diagnosis and Allergen Immunotherapy in Patients – Residents of Lviv Region},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {78-83},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68060
    Paper Title :: The Use of House Terrace for Domestic Activities: A Case Study of Floating House in South Borneo, Indonesia
    Author Name :: Dahliani || Purwanita Setijanti || Ispurwono Soemarno
    Page Number :: 84-89
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609018489   

    The house terrace is a transitional space from outside to inside, or vice versa. The front of house terrace serves to welcome guests and should provide a good view for those who see it. While the back and side terrace serves for a place to relax and gather family. The purpose of this study is to show that the terrace of the house has more functions that are useful to accommodate the domestic activities of the residents. The research uses qualitative method and direct observation on the object of study, that is activity of resident in lanting house, floating house in South Borneo. Through this research, it was found that the residents of Lanting house used house terrace for domestic activities, especially domestic service activities such as dishwashing..........

    Keywords - House terrace, domestic activity, lanting house

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dahliani || Purwanita Setijanti || Ispurwono Soemarno},
    title = {The Use of House Terrace for Domestic Activities: A Case Study of Floating House in South Borneo, Indonesia},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {84-89},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68062
    Paper Title :: Effect of External Micro-cavitycoupled with Surface Plasmon on the Performance of Organic LightEmitting Devices
    Author Name :: AkiyoshiMikami
    Page Number :: 90-95
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609019095   

    Luminescent properties have been improved by introducingan external micro-cavity effect in an organic light emitting device with multi-cathode structure. Angular dependence of the emission intensity and emission spectra were evaluated and it was clarified that the external micro-cavity coupled with surface plasmonis useful for the improvement of the color purity of the emission and out-coupling efficiency compared with an internal micro-cavity effect. In results, color coordinates of the green emission approaches to BT.2020 color standard and an external quantum efficiency becomes higher by a factor of 1.3. The relationship between the external micro-cavity effect and surface plasmon coupling will be discussed from a viewpoint of optical analysis.

    Keywords - Organic light-emitting diode, Light extraction efficiency, Micro cavity effect, Surface plasmon

    @article{key:article,
    author = {AkiyoshiMikami},
    title = {Effect of External Micro-cavitycoupled with Surface Plasmon on the Performance of Organic LightEmitting Devices},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {90-95},
    month = {September}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 9 || Version-2 September- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     68068
    Paper Title :: Dilute Acid Pretreatment Optimization from Sugarcane Wastes by Experimental Design
    Author Name :: Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Rosana Correia Vieira || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida
    Page Number :: 01-08
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609020108   

    The pretreatment (PT) means an important step for 2G ethanol production from lignocellulosics wastes. Therefore, it is necessary that this stage provides feasible results to favour the hydrolysis and fermentations steps. Taking this into account, the aim of this work was evaluate, between the type of inorganic acids (sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrochloric and nitric), the one which can promote the highest total reducing sugars (TRS) releasing on PT step from straw and sugarcane bagasse. In addition, a blend, in a straw/bagasse ratio of 1:1, 1:3 and 3:1 was submitted to PT, applying the same acids reported previously. Lastly, after the choice of acid and straw/bagasse ratio to be applied in the assays, an experimental design was performed, aiming the optimization of PT conditions...........

    Keywords - Keywords: Lignocellulosic feedstocks, optimization, pretreatment, response surface methodology.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Rosana Correia Vieira || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida},
    title = {Dilute Acid Pretreatment Optimization from Sugarcane Wastes by Experimental Design},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {01-08},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68069
    Paper Title :: Enzymatic Hydrolysis Optimization from Corn Wastes by Experimental Design
    Author Name :: Rosana Correia Vieira || Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida
    Page Number :: 09-15
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609020915   

    An important factor to promote the economic development in a country is correlated with the availability of low-cost energy resources. In this context, corn wastes, such as stover and cob, have been employed as relevant lignocellulosic residues for biofuels generation. Concerning bioethanol production from biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis step is a key point to become the process energy efficient. Taking this into account, it is necessary to perform improvements with regarding to hydrolysis step, aiming the optimization of the global process for second generation ethanol (E2G) production...........

    Keywords - Lignocellulosic feedstocks, optimization, response surface methodology, saccharification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Rosana Correia Vieira || Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida},
    title = {Enzymatic Hydrolysis Optimization from Corn Wastes by Experimental Design},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {09-15},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68072
    Paper Title :: Modeling and Numerical Simulation for the Double Corrugated Cardboard under Transverse Loading by Homogenization Method
    Author Name :: Duong Pham Tuong Minh
    Page Number :: 16-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609021625   

    In this paper, an analytic homogenization model for the double corrugated cardboard plates under transverse loading is presented. This model is essentially based on the theory of stratification and then improved by using the theory of sandwich. The proposed analytical homogenization model allows modelling the 3D complex double corrugated cardboard by a 2D equivalent homogenized plate. This work helps to significantly reduce the computational time as well as time to build the geometry of model. To validate the model, in this work, we carry out the simulation for the corrugated cardboard plates in case of transverse loading...........

    Keywords - Corrugated cardboard, Homogenization, Orthotropic plate, Sandwich panels, Transverse shear

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Duong Pham Tuong Minh},
    title = {Modeling and Numerical Simulation for the Double Corrugated Cardboard under Transverse Loading by Homogenization Method},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {16-25},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68073
    Paper Title :: Comparative Life Cycle Impact Assessment in Global Warming Potential for Pharmaceutical Packaging purpose
    Author Name :: MSc Natalija Dimitrovska || Prof. Dr. Radmil Polenakovikj
    Page Number :: 26-33
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609022633   

    Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly imparting a lot of importance becoming more environmental friendly and sustainable by developing products that are having the same medicine value but reduced environmental impact. Materials that are used in packing applications have a lot of environmental impact that results with increased Global Warming Potential (GWP). The researchers, named in the abstract, are using SimaPro software and BUWAL database to make Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) for a product group (cosmetic mineral water) in pharmaceutical company, in order to determine the environment state by determining Environmental loads (EL). Having the results of the study impact characterization framework is developed and better evaluation for existing and new company's products is encouraged.

    Keywords - LCIA, Pharmaceutical packing, GWP, EL

    @article{key:article,
    author = {MSc Natalija Dimitrovska || Prof. Dr. Radmil Polenakovikj},
    title = {Comparative Life Cycle Impact Assessment in Global Warming Potential for Pharmaceutical Packaging purpose},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {26-33},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68076
    Paper Title :: Chitosan Based Adsorbent: A Remedy to Handle Industrial Waste Water
    Author Name :: Anuja Agarwa || Vaishali
    Page Number :: 34-49
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609023449   

    A healthy environment is chief requirement of modern society and to make the surroundings to live, especially firstly needed water must be pollution free. Adsorption is one of the best wastewaters treatment process. Keeping in view, we have reviewed the utility of chitosan as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes and metals from aqueous solution, which is a non toxic, biocompatible, positively charged, biodegradable natural polymer and obtained by alkaline deacetylation of chitin. To introduce desired characteristics and broaden the scope of the potential applications of chitosan as an adsorbent, physical and chemical modifications have been carried out and obtained various chitosan based materials. Our review article produced an evidence that chitosan based beads, have outstanding adsorption efficiencies for metals and dyes and can be auspicious substitute for conventional adsorbents for removing pollutants.

    Keywords - Chitosan, beads, crosslinking, adsorption, dyes etc.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Anuja Agarwa || Vaishali},
    title = {Chitosan Based Adsorbent: A Remedy to Handle Industrial Waste Water},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {34-49},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68081
    Paper Title :: Advanced Indexing Based General Gram Filter for String Similarity Search
    Author Name :: Kranti Sawant || Priyambiga Rajamanickam
    Page Number :: 50-55
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609025055   

    Many applications such as data integration, protein detection, and article copy detection share a similar core problem that is if a string is given as a query then how to efficiently find all the similar answers from a large scale string collection. Along these lines, many existing techniques receive a prefix-channel based structure to take care of this issue, and various late works intend to utilize propelled channels to enhance the general pursuit execution. The main objective of research is to develop a gram based filter-and-verification framework to achieve the near maximum filter performance...........

    Keywords - Data integration, Similarity search, gram-based framework.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Kranti Sawant || Priyambiga Rajamanickam},
    title = {Advanced Indexing Based General Gram Filter for String Similarity Search},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {50-55},
    month = {September}
    }